Foucault's Discipline

A reminder from Michel Foucault (Discipline and Punish, p.138) as I head to the North American Society for Sport Sociology conference in Montreal this weekend to present "The Sportocratic Apparatus and the Making of Cyborg Athletes":

Thus discipline produces subjected and practised bodies, "docile" bodies. Discipline increases the forces of the body (in economic terms of utility) and diminishes these same forces (in political terms of obedience).

Debra Shogan has illustrated Foucault's disciplinary technologies of space, time, and modality of movement at work in the creation of high performance athlete, while John Bale has done the same for the creation of docile sports spectators. Both of these perspectives are necessary to understand our late capitalist shift in professional sport to that of Baudrillardian simulation.

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